教育學報



多層分析:為何需要及如何處理

1994.第22卷第2期(Vol. 22 No. 2).pp. 337–344

 

多層分析:為何需要及如何處理

Multi-level Analysis: Why and How?

侯傑泰、鍾財文(Kit-Tai HAU & Choi-Man CHUNG)

摘要

本文闡釋傳統單層分析方法在處理多層數據所產生的問題。討論集中於凝聚偏差、低估標準誤差及回歸不均一性。本文並採用ML3E軟件,以實例說明多層分析的重要性。

Abstract

This paper reviews the problems of using traditional one level analysis on multilevel data. Issues related to aggregated bias, misestimated standard errors, and heterogeneity of regression are discussed. Furthermore, concrete examples in ML3E are used to illustrate the importance of multilevel analysis.