教育學報



中國的經濟及技術發展與高級技術人才的需求

1994.第21卷第2期及第22卷第1期(Vol. 21 No. 2 & Vol. 22 No. 1).pp. 105–110

 

中國的經濟及技術發展與高級技術人才的需求

Economic Growth, Technology Advancement, and the Need for Technical Experts in China

魏新(Xin WEI)

摘要

隨著經濟的飛速發展,中國對高級技術人才的需求也在增加。許多學者、政府官員及企業領導人認為經濟增長和技術進步將提高高級技術人才的需求。本文建立了反映企業對高級技術人才需求數量與企業技術進步水平及企業生產規模之間關係的計量經濟模型,通過對中國的一組大型鋼鐵企業的案例研究檢驗了這一流行觀點的正誤。實証研究的結果顯示,企業對高級技術人才的需求隨企業生產規模的擴大而增加,但並不與企業技術進步水平的提高成正比。

Abstract

Along with the rapid economic development, there is an increasing demand for educated manpower in China. Many scholars, government officials, and business leaders believe that the economic growth and technology advancement will require more and more specialized technicians and engineers. This paper examines these popular beliefs by presenting a detailed case study of a group of large iron-steel enterprises in China. An econometric model was established on the relationship between the needs for technical experts and the level of technology and the scale of production. The results of the empirical analyses show that the needs for technical experts were increased along with the enlargement of the scale of production, but NOT increased with the upgrading of the level of technology applied in the production process. One possible explanation is that the application of more advanced technology in the production process might simplify the technical operations and thus reduce the number of technical experts needed in the workplace, though it might raise requirements of technical qualifications for this type of manpower.