教育學報



教育哲學與中國現代化的進程 ── 一個宏觀角度的回顧與前瞻

1994.第21卷第2期及第22卷第1期(Vol. 21 No. 2 & Vol. 22 No. 1).pp. 65–73

 

教育哲學與中國現代化的進程 ── 一個宏觀角度的回顧與前瞻

Philosophies of Education and the Process of China's Modernization: Retrospect and Prospect

劉國強(Kwok-Keung LAU)

摘要

本文試圖回顧中國近百年的現代化進程上,教育哲學的遞變,其對中國現代化之作用,及進而反省在中國當前改革開放經濟急劇發展下,怎樣的教育哲學教育方向,將對中國向現代化之目標邁進更有助益。文中扼要的反省了自晚清以來的各種教育哲學思想,包括傳統儒家、太平天國、張之洞、梁啟超、蔡元培、馬克思共產主義,與及新儒家唐君毅的教育哲學。作者認為可以從這各種教育哲學中吸取資源及教訓,以建立未來的教育方向與發展,有助於中國現代化之達致。

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to reflect on the changes of philosophies of education in relation to the process of China's modernization in order to highlight a direction of education for China in a transition period of rapid economic development heading toward modernization. The deliberation of a prospective direction is based on a brief and essential review of the educational philosophies adopted in China from late Qing to communist China The educational philosophies include those of the traditional Confucians, educational thinkers and reformers such as Zhang Zhi-dong, Liang Qi-chao, Cai Yuan-pei, and those of the communists, contemporary Confucian Tang Chun-i. The author contends that most of these educational philosophies could contribute to the development of future education as well as modernization in China.