2018．第46卷第1期（Vol. 46 No. 1）．pp. 23–50
The Effects of Resource-based Antecedents on the Performance of Higher Education Institutions: Examining the Moderating Effects of Social Capital
彭耀平、何希慧、彭彥群（Michael Yao-Ping PENG, Sophia Shi-Huei HO, & Yen-Chun PENG）
Based on the resource-based view, a theoretical model was established to explore the influence of resource antecedents on institutional performance, such as the relation between institutional slack, institutional reputation, and institutional performance. In order to add dynamic application to static resources, moderating effects of social capital were discussed in this article. For example, internal and external social capital might facilitate and strengthen the application of institutional slack and institutional reputation, which thereafter enhance institutional performance in teaching, research and service outcomes. Research objects were full-time faculty in 37 Taiwan higher education institutions and 926 valid questionnaires were collected. The relation between variables was inspected with stratum regression pattern. Results show that: (a) institutional slack and institutional reputation positively affect institutional performance; (b) internal social capital has positively significant influence on the relationship between institutional slack, reputation and performance; and (c) external social capital has positive moderating effect on the relationship between institutional slack and institutional performance. Finally, theoretical and managerial implications and suggestions as well as future studies were proposed.
Keywords: internal social capital; external social capital; slack resource; institutional performance; institutional reputation