教育學報



海峽兩岸大學交流生的社會支持、兩岸認知對其生活適應之影響研究

2016.第44卷第1期(Vol. 44 No. 1).pp. 25–50
 

海峽兩岸大學交流生的社會支持、兩岸認知對其生活適應之影響研究

Effects of Social Support and Cross-Strait Cognition on Life Adaptation of Exchange Students from Taiwan and the Chinese Mainland

陳羿君、張正平、陳禮竈、張海倫(I-Jun CHEN, Cheng-Ping CHANG, Li-Zao CHEN, & Hai-Lun ZHANG)

摘要

本研究以在台陸生(在台灣交流的中國大陸學生)和在陸台生(在中國大陸交流的台灣學生)為研究對象,運用問卷調查比較分析其社會支持、兩岸認知和生活適應情況,並建構兩岸交流生的生活適應影響因素模型。結果如下:(1)交流生的社會支持認同度與生活適應皆為中上程度;(2)在陸台生與在台陸生交流前後的兩岸認知皆存在顯著差異,交流後的認知顯著高於交流前;(3)不同背景的交流生,其生活適應間呈顯著差異,其中在台陸生、男生、研究生及認知愈正向者生活適應愈好。(4)交流生的認知類型和地區(中國大陸地區和台灣地區)交互影響其生活適應;無論是兩岸認知提高組或降低組,陸生的生活適應度皆高於台生。(5)交流生的背景因素經由社會支持和兩岸認知對生活適應產生影響,社會支持與兩岸認知起到中介效應。

關鍵詞:生活適應;社會支持;兩岸交流生;兩岸認知

Abstract

This study made use of questionnaires to investigate the current situation of social support, cross-strait cognition and life adaptation of university students who were exchanged from Taiwan to the Chinese mainland and vice versa. Path analysis was also performed to establish a relation model between life adaptation and its influencing factors. Results showed that: (1) the perception levels of all exchange students in social support and life adaptation were above average; (2) significant difference was found in cross-strait cognition before and after the exchange, with post-exchange cognition significantly higher than pre-exchange one; (3) significant differences were found among different demographic variables for life adaptation of exchange students from Taiwan to the Chinese mainland; (4) there were interactive influences of cognition types and the region that exchange students come from on life adaptation, with the life adaptation of the Chinese mainland students in Taiwan better that Taiwan students in the Chinese mainland both in “cognition-enhanced” and “cognition-decreased” groups; (5) the demographic variables of exchange students influenced their life adaptation through the mediating effects of their perception of social support and cross-strait cognition.

Keywords: life adaptation; social support; exchange students from Taiwan and the Chinese mainland; cross-strait cognition