2015．第43卷第1期（Vol. 43 No. 1）．pp. 129–151
Learning by Doing for Constructing and Implementing the Concepts of “Cooperative Learning”: A Junior High School Teacher’s Reflection on Action Research
The aim of 12-year basic education program in Taiwan is to promote and implement adaptive teaching; following the introduction of this program, schools and teachers are encouraged to adopt multiple teaching approaches to cater for students’ learning needs. “Cooperative learning,” a student-centered teaching approach with focus on peer learning and learner autonomy, can be adopted to help implement adaptive teaching and develop students’ interpersonal skills and autonomy in learning. This research was developed by focusing on the action research experience of a junior high school teacher who incorporated cooperative learning in her teaching while studying a Master’s program. This teacher had long practiced the teacher-centered approach in teaching, and in recent years, the low learning participation of students had motivated her to think of using a different teaching approach. By interviewing the teacher and collecting her teaching reflective diary, the research explored the purpose, approaches, results and limitations of her implementing cooperative learning. It was found that: (a) initiating instructional innovation and solving teaching problems are her purposes of implementing cooperative learning; (b) based on continuous self-reflection, the professional concepts and skills of cooperative leaning were constructed; (c) teachers and students can all benefit from this student-centered teaching approach, but the planning and integration of structural support for teachers are required.
Keywords: cooperative learning; teaching reflection; instructional innovation