教育學報



二十一世紀的香港幼兒教育課程改革:回顧與前瞻

2014.第42卷第2(Vol. 42 No. 2).pp. 95–112
 

二十一世紀的香港幼兒教育課程改革:回顧與前瞻

The Hong Kong Early Childhood Curriculum Reform for the 21st Century: A Retrospective and Prospective Analysis

馮潔皓(Kit-Ho FUNG)

摘要

提升幼兒教育(下稱幼教)質素長久以來是個全球關注的議題,在香港亦然。自20世紀80年代,香港政府開始為幼教機構編印課程指引。直至現在,當局已先後為幼教界印發了五本課程指引。雖然這些課程指引於不同時期編印,但它們所傳遞的都是與提升幼教機構服務相關的元素。本文以香港教育改革為背景,在幼教教師(下稱幼師)提升資歷的里程上,探討這五本課程指引在課程取向上的轉變。本文嘗試透過優化幼教綜合課程、強化幼師的觀察力以提升幼教課程評估的真確程度,以及幼師教育專業化三個層面,討論幼教界可以如何落實香港幼教課程改革的目標。

關鍵詞:課程改革;課程指引;課程取向;幼兒教育;香港

Abstract

How best to improve pre-primary education (PPE) has been a longstanding issue worldwide. It is no exception in Hong Kong. The government of Hong Kong has been publishing curriculum guides since the 1980s to support PPE institutions to develop their curriculum. Five curriculum guides have been published since then. Despite that the curriculum guides were published in different times, each guide spelt out similar curricular elements that deemed as crucial for PPE institutions to enhance their service quality. An in-depth review of these curriculum guides reveals a hidden shift of curriculum orientations adopted by the government over the past three decades. In this article, changes in the orientations underpinning the five official PPE curriculum guides will be discussed against the Hong Kong education reform, in conjunction with the advancing professional qualifications of the Hong Kong PPE teachers. The article will also discuss directions that could facilitate the actualization of the curriculum reform aims set for the PPE sector. These directions include, but are not limited to, refining the integrated PPE curriculum, reinforcing PPE teachers’ observation skills to promote authentic assessment of young children’s learning, and professionalizing the pre-primary teacher education.

Keywords: education reform; curriculum guide; curriculum orientation; pre-primary education; Hong Kong