教育學報



高等教育入學:學生的選擇

2014.第42卷第1期(Vol. 42 No. 1).pp. 121–140
 

高等教育入學:學生的選擇

Access to Higher Education: Students’ Choice

張玉婷(Yuting ZHANG)

摘要

中國內地高等教育於20世紀90年代末開始急速擴張,在高等教育入學機會不斷增加的同時,其內部亦不斷層級化。本研究選取23名大學一年級學生,通過訪談,以實踐邏輯理論為基礎,探討各種結構性因素對學生高等教育選擇的影響及其作用方式。研究表明,選擇行動中的目標、信念和信息受地區、學校、家庭等因素影響,而並非完全出於理性選擇,實踐邏輯理論可以對學生的選擇行為作更深入的解釋。

關鍵詞:高等教育;機會均等;高等教育選擇;實踐邏輯理論

Abstract

The higher education system in the Chinese mainland has witnessed dramatic expansion since the 1990s. With the expansion, the system has become more and more hierarchical. Based on the logic of practice, this study investigates the agents’ practice and the structural impact through interviewing 23 first-year college students. The study finds that students’ desire and belief as well as the information collected during the process of college choice are limited by such structural factors as geographical location, positional hierarchy in the public school system, and family background. The logic of practice can be applied for the interpretation of college choice.

Keywords: higher education; equality of access; college choice; logic of practice