亞洲輔導學報



Current Status and Future Development of Career Centers in the United States

2012.第19卷第1及2期(Vol. 19 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 5–26
 

Current Status and Future Development of Career Centers in the United States

美國職業生涯中心的現況和未來發展

Jeff GARIS, Robert C. REARDON, & Janet G. LENZ

Abstract

Career centers in the United States developed in community-based organizations in the early 1900s and later moved into educational institutions. This article profiles these career centers with respect to their history, their current scope and function, and ways in which technology and the global economy will affect their future operations. Studies by the National Association of Colleges and Employers and other reports are summarized and the profile of one comprehensive university career center is described. It concludes with a vision statement for future career centers.

Keywords: NACE; career center; career services; university; Florida State University

摘要

在美國,職業生涯中心發軔於20世紀初,先於社區為本的組織內發展,及後轉至教育機構內。本文概述這些職業生涯中心的發展歷史、現有規模和功能,並探討科技和全球化經濟如何影響其未來運作。文章簡介美國大學與僱主協會的研究結果和其他報告,並描述一所大學綜合職業生涯中心的概況。最後,本文提出一項遠見聲明,以作未來職業生涯中心的參考。

關鍵詞:美國大學與僱主協會;職業生涯中心;職業生涯服務;大學;佛羅里達州立大學