2010．第17卷第1及2期（Vol. 17 Nos. 1 & 2）．pp. 81104
Collectivism and Individualism as Bicultural Values: South Korean Undergraduates’ Adjustment to College
Young-Ju CHO, Brent MALLINCKRODT, & Sook-Kyeong YUNE（趙英周、Brent MALLINCKRODT、尹淑敬）
This study examined cultural values as resources for South Korean students’ adjustment to college. Both collectivistic and individualistic values were hypothesized to be important for South Korean students for continued harmonious relationships with their family, as well as adjustment to the new college environment. Survey data from 173 male and 88 female students included measures of cultural values (collectivism and individualism), academic and social college adjustment, and self-esteem (as an indicator of satisfaction with ones’ values choices). Collectivistic values were positively associated with academic adjustment and self-esteem for both men and women, and with social adjustment for women, but not men. Individualism was positively correlated with academic adjustment and self-esteem for men, but not women. Multiple regression analyses suggested the bicultural values hypothesis was not supported for women, and supported for men with regard to positive self-esteem. Adopting a mixture of individualistic and collectivistic values is discussed as part of a larger process of acquiring bicultural competence that may be necessary for success in increasingly Western-oriented Korean universities.