亞洲輔導學報



Collectivism and Individualism as Bicultural Values: South Korean Undergraduates’ Adjustment to College

2010.第17卷第1及2期(Vol. 17 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 81–104
 

Collectivism and Individualism as Bicultural Values: South Korean Undergraduates’ Adjustment to College

集體主義與個人主義二元文化價值:南韓大學本科生的適應

Young-Ju CHO, Brent MALLINCKRODT, & Sook-Kyeong YUNE(趙英周、Brent MALLINCKRODT、尹淑敬)

Abstract

This study examined cultural values as resources for South Korean students’ adjustment to college. Both collectivistic and individualistic values were hypothesized to be important for South Korean students for continued harmonious relationships with their family, as well as adjustment to the new college environment. Survey data from 173 male and 88 female students included measures of cultural values (collectivism and individualism), academic and social college adjustment, and self-esteem (as an indicator of satisfaction with ones’ values choices). Collectivistic values were positively associated with academic adjustment and self-esteem for both men and women, and with social adjustment for women, but not men. Individualism was positively correlated with academic adjustment and self-esteem for men, but not women. Multiple regression analyses suggested the bicultural values hypothesis was not supported for women, and supported for men with regard to positive self-esteem. Adopting a mixture of individualistic and collectivistic values is discussed as part of a larger process of acquiring bicultural competence that may be necessary for success in increasingly Western-oriented Korean universities.

摘要

本研究以文化價值觀的角度,探討南韓大學生的適應問題。研究假設了無論是集體主義價值觀或個人主義價值觀,都對南韓學生保持與家庭的和諧關係以及適應新的大學環境有重要的作用。研究調查了173名男學生和88名女學生的文化價值觀(集體主義和個人主義)、在大學的學習適應和社會適應,以及自尊(反映了他們對自己價值觀取態的滿意程度)。集體主義價值觀與學習適應和自尊有正相關,男女皆然,但與社會適應的正相關只見於女性。個人主義價值觀與學習適應和自尊的正相關則只見於男性。多元回歸分析的結果顯示,二元文化價值的假設不適用於女性,但在自尊這項目上則適用於男性。最後,本文討論,在漸採西方模式的韓國大學,學生要成功或許必須培養二元文化素養,而融和集體主義價值觀和個人主義價值觀是培養這素養的一端。