2010．第25卷第1期（Vol. 25 No. 1）．pp. 125157
Humor Styles, Dispositional Optimism and Mental Health: A Study Among 800 Undergraduates in Hong Kong and China
岳曉東（Xiaodong YUE）、郝霞（Xia HAO）、Giovanna GOLDMAN
This study examines the relationship between mental health, humor styles and dispositional optimism in Chinese societies. 300 undergraduates in Hong Kong and 500 undergraduates in Huhehot in Mainland China participated in this study. They were required to complete The Humor Styles Questionnaire (CHSQ), The Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) and Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R). The results show that Hong Kong and the Mainland students mostly used affiliative humor but rarely used self-defeating humor. Hong Kong students used more hostile humor while the Mainland students used more self-enhancing humor. Hong Kong and the Mainland students with high optimism used less hostile and self-defeating humor than those with low optimism. The Mainland students with high optimism used more affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor than those with low optimism. Both optimism and mental health were positively correlated with affiliative and self-enhancing humor but are negatively correlated with hostile humor and self-defeating humor.