教育研究學報



一項成效研究:以全校總動員手法處理學童欺凌

2010.第25卷第1期(Vol. 25 No. 1).pp. 103–124
 

一項成效研究:以全校總動員手法處理學童欺凌

Program Effectiveness of Whole-school Approach for Tackling Bullying in Hong Kong Primary Schools

黃成榮、鄭漢光、馬勤(Dennis S. W. WONG, Christopher H. K. CHENG, & Stephen K. MA)

摘要

本文介紹一項以「全校總動員手法」預防及處理欺凌程序,討論其成效及成敗要素。研究採用活動前後測試,收回小四至小六學生活動前問卷493份及活動後問卷488份,比對兩所小學在兩年內實踐全校總動員手法的效果,闡述學校之參與程度與學生欺凌、自尊感、助人行為、缺乏感同身受的能力及與其他價值之關係。比對兩所學校的參與程度及欺凌行為轉變後,發現「全面總動員」學校,比「一般總動員」學校達更佳的果效,此證明全校總動員手法是有一定效用。

關鍵詞:欺凌;程序評估;和諧校園

Abstract

This paper highlights programs of a whole-school approach for tackling bullying in two primary schools, reports its effectiveness, and discusses factors leading to the success and failure of the programs. Using a quasi-experimental research design with “intervention” group and “partial intervention” group in two schools, the authors have collected program intervention data over two years to assess the effectiveness of the approach. A total of 493 pre-test and 488 post-test questionnaires were collected from Primary 4 to Primary 6 students. Students’ bullying behaviors, self-esteem, caring behavior, inappropriate assertiveness, lack of empathy, and their ratings on quality of school life were measured. The findings show a significantly marked reduction of bullying behavior in the intervention group as compared with the partial intervention group.