基礎教育學報



香港少數族裔小學生的中文能力水平

2009.第18卷第2期(Vol. 18 No. 2).pp. 123–136
 

香港少數族裔小學生的中文能力水平

Chinese Language Attainment of Ethnic Minority Primary School Students in Hong Kong

黃汝嘉、蕭寧波(Yu-Ka WONG & Ling-Po SHIU)

摘要

近年來,香港社會十分關注本地少數族裔學生以第二語言學習者的身分學習中文的情況。本研究以97位來自四所學校的小四級的少數族裔學生為研究對象,讓他們接受標準化的中文聆聽及閱讀能力測驗,該測驗具備本地小一生常模作分數詮釋。結果發現,受試學生大部分在兩個測驗中都遠未達本地小一年級的平均水平,閱讀能力尤其差。我們會討論這些發現對本地少數族裔學生的中文教育的啟示。

關鍵詞:香港少數族裔學生;中文作為第二語言;中文能力水平

Abstract

In Hong Kong, the difficult situation of ethnic minority children learning Chinese as a second language is increasingly becoming a matter of concern. The present study attempted to assess their attainment level in the Chinese language. Ninety-seven ethnic minority Primary Four children from four schools took two standardized tests in Chinese listening and reading comprehension with both tests normed with local Primary One students. The results show that the majority of these ethnic minority students failed to reach the Primary One standard. Their reading ability was particularly poor. The implications of these results for Chinese language education for ethnic minority children are discussed.