2006．第21卷第2期（Vol. 21 No. 2）．pp. 175194
The School Community as a Mediating Factor in the Relationship Between Family Processes and Mathematics Performance
Frank Wai-Ming TAM（譚偉明）& Shuk-Han PUN
The present study aims to explore how social contexts of schools mediate the relationship between family processes and academic performance of Primary 1 to Primary 3 students in Mathematics within an ecological model of human development built on the work of Bronfenbrenner. A total of 1,383 families with children studying in 29 primary schools were recruited to participate in a questionnaire survey research on parental education. Hierarchical linear regression was used to assess the direct and interaction effects of the individual factors and school social contextual factors. Findings suggest that averaged parental involvement as a contextual factor of school mediates the relationship between gender and mathematics performance. The results of this research provide researchers a better understanding of the linkage between family and school, and have implications for the current home-school-community relations.
Keywords: home-school relations; parental involvement; school effectiveness; home effects