教育學報



動機與學習

1990.第18卷第2期(Vol. 18 No. 2).pp. 129–141

 

動機與學習

Motivation and Learning

劉誠(Sing LAU)

摘要

本文概述動機與學習的關係,特別介紹了聯結理論、人文理論、及認知理論的重點。文章亦專注討論聯結理論中的強化原理、人文理論中的需求層序,及認知理論中的成就動機、歸因、滿足延後、好奇心,與內在動機等概念,和它們對學習的影響。

Abstract

This paper gives a brief introduction of the relationship between motivation and learning, with special focus on association theory, humanistic theory, and cognitive theory. Further discussions on association theory's reinforcement principle, and humanistic theory's need hierarchy are included. Within the cognitive framework, the concepts of achievement motivation, attribution, delay of gratification, curiosity, and intrinsic motivation are also discussed. The relationships of these motivational constructs and processes to learning are highlighted.