2005．第20卷第2期（Vol. 20 No. 2）．pp. 221244
Work-Family Conflict and Its Relationship With Social Support: A Study at Private Educational Institutions in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Chai-Yong LEE & Kian-Sam HONG
This study examined six aspects of work-family conflict that is time-based, strain-based, and behavior-based of work-influence-family and family-influence-work conflict on 112 full time lecturers/teachers teaching in eight private educational institutions in Kuching. The data was collected using questionnaires. Independent t tests and one-way analysis of ANOVA were used to test for significant differences in the levels of work-family conflict experienced by the lecturers/teachers based on their socio-demographic characteristics. The relationship of social support and work-family conflict was tested using Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Findings showed that the lecturers/teachers experienced moderate levels of work-family conflict. Significant differences on levels of work-family conflict were detected based on independent variables of age group, flexibility of work schedule and working spouse. Administrators' support was negatively related to work-family conflict, but the strength of the relationship was weak. Multiple regression analysis showed that work-family conflict experienced by the lecturers/teachers was most affected by flexibility of work schedule and administrators' support. It is recommended that individuals should seek out administrators' support and find ways to cope with work-family conflict. The administrators should play their roles in creating a family-friendly culture and organization should tailor appropriate interventions to address work-family conflict.
Keywords: work-family conflict; social support; private educational institution