教育研究學報



官立男子漢文師範學堂(1920–1940):早期香港中文師資的重要搖籃

2005.第20卷第1期(Vol. 20 No. 1).pp. 121–139
 

官立男子漢文師範學堂(1920–1940):早期香港中文師資的重要搖籃

Vernacular Normal School for Men (1920–1940): An Important Cradle of Chinese Teachers in Early 20th Century Hong Kong

方駿(Jun FANG)

摘要

官立男子漢文師範學堂是二十世紀上半葉香港中文師資的主要培訓機構,其成立有助推動當時香港基礎教育的發展。本文通過搜尋各類零星的文獻資料,探討男子漢文師範學堂的沿革、師資、學生、課程及其畢業同學會的興學活動等課題,盼能盡量理清這所漸為後人淡忘的早期師範學校的發展線索,還其在香港教師教育史上的應有位置;另外是為教育工作者借鑑其教育實踐提供基礎。文末更提出一系列值得深入探究的問題。

關鍵詞:官立男子漢文師範學堂;香港教育史;師資培訓

Abstract

The Vernacular Normal School for Men was established in September 1920 by the education authorities of the Hong Kong government to solve the problem of shortage of qualified schoolteachers. Together with the Vernacular Normal School for Women and the Tai Po Vernacular Normal School, the teacher training institutes supplied majority of the qualified pre-service Chinese teachers in Hong Kong during the ensuing decades. To date, however, there is not any detailed study of the Normal School for Men, let alone specific research into particular aspects of the teacher education institute. This article, using documentary material collected from a variety of sources, discusses the School's development, staff, students, and curriculum, as well as the contributions of its alumni association to Hong Kong's school education during and beyond the decades of its existence. It also proposes a host of questions on various aspects of the School's educational practices for future scholarly research.