教育學報



高等教育與性別平等:香港的情況

1990.第18卷第2期(Vol. 18 No. 2).pp. 107–113

 

高等教育與性別平等:香港的情況

Higher Education and Gender Inequality: The Case of Hong Kong

敖恆宇(Hang-Yue NGO)

摘要

在高等教育及專科課程裏,性別不平等的問題是否存在呢?本文分別從男女攻讀之人數及他們所修讀學校及課程的角度去回答這個問題。我們特別強調經濟發展與社會變遷對此所帶來之影響,與及其與性別分層之關係。我們指出,雖然香港女性在接受高等教育之機會不斷增加,但是在學科及課程上,「性別隔離」的情況仍然相當嚴重,男性在這方面佔有很大的優勢,尤以大學學位之專業課程為甚。最後,我們提出若干未來之研究路向。

Abstract

This study addressed the issue of gender inequality in higher education in Hong Kong. Using the published data from census report, the differences between males and females in participation in post-secondary education and vocational training (in terms of number of students of the two sexes and the fields of education that they study were explored. Results indicated that although the number of females receiving higher education in Hong Kong had increased the majority of them were concentrated in a small range of areas of study. They are higher represented in clerical-related training courses that prepare them to work in the lower-status jobs in the tertiary sector. On the other hand, males were more likely to receive training in science and technology (such as engineering) which offer a better career prospect. In addition, more men than women entered the universities while a great proportion of women attended the teacher's college and nurse training schools. Overall, sex segregation in higher education remained a serious problem in Hong Kong. In contrast to the convention wisdom, the growth of higher education does not lead to a greater gender integration in it. This reflects the strong influence of the traditional sex-role ideology on educational choice of males and females.