教育研究學報



從香港中學教職員問卷調查看學童欺凌現象與對策

2002.第17卷第2期(Vol. 17 No. 2).pp. 253–272
 

從香港中學教職員問卷調查看學童欺凌現象與對策

School Bullying in Secondary Schools: Teachers’ Perceptions and Tackling Strategies

黃成榮、盧鐵榮(Dennis S. W. WONG & Tit-Wing LO)

摘要

近年來,世界各地的學者對研究欺凌問題的興趣不斷增加,有些研究欺凌問題出現的情況和性質、被欺凌者的性格特徵、面對欺凌的態度、欺凌的影響及從老師的角度看欺凌等。在香港,欺凌的研究並不多見,這篇文章描述外國及本土一些有關欺凌的研究文獻,透過回顧欺凌研究的發展,及引述筆者最近進行的一項中學教職員問卷調查結果來探索香港學童欺凌問題。基於是項研究結果及外地的文獻,筆者建議學校宜投入資源改善校園環境及採取多方合作的策略以減少欺凌。學校宜及早推行一些反欺凌的課程、舉辦更多的活動教導學生情緒控制及向高危受害人提供自保訓練計劃,並應考慮推動朋輩調解計劃,讓學生參與共創和諧校園。

關鍵字:校園暴力;欺凌;學生訓導

Abstract

There have been growing interests in studying students’ bullying problems among international scholars in recent years. Interest in, and concern with, the problem has seen researchers focusing on various aspects of this social phenomenon such as its incidence and nature, characteristics of bullies, attitudes towards bullying, the effects of bullying and the views of teachers. Nevertheless, there is rather little systematic investigation of bullying in Hong Kong. This paper provides a literature review of bullying studies in other countries and presents a community-wide study, which explores teachers’ perceptions towards bullying in secondary schools. Based on results and literature review, the authors suggest that a multi-disciplinary cooperative strategy should be adopted. Besides, anti-bullying curricula, aggression reduction programs, and early-intervention self-protection programs for potential victims of bullying should be developed. A peer mediation scheme should also be considered so that students could help to create a harmonious environment in school.