教育研究學報



官立師範學堂(1881–1883):香港最早的全日制師訓機構

2001.第16卷第2期(Vol. 16 No. 2).pp. 315–330
 

官立師範學堂(1881–1883):香港最早的全日制師訓機構

Government Normal School (1881–1883): The First Teacher Education Institute in Hong Kong

方駿、何麗芳(Jun FANG & Lifang HE)

摘要

1881年,軒尼詩總督管治下的香港政府為了解決本地學校師資短缺的問題,成立了官立師範學堂。由於官師從建立到關閉,前後僅兩年時間,師生總數不足二十人,而且最終只有兩名學生成為教師,所以一百多年之後該校差不多被人完全遺忘,一些香港教育史的論著中關於它的零星記載亦含舛誤。本文認為,官師在香港教師教育史上應有一席之地。首先,它是香港第一所全日制師範學校。其次,它的教育實踐,儘管未臻完善,但已具備日後發展香港教師教育的雛形。本文在收集各類文獻材料的基礎上,盡量勾勒官師的簡短發展歷程,希望替它抹去歲月的灰塵,並探討其教育實踐對現今教師教育的啟示。

關鍵詞:官立師範學堂;教師教育史;香港

Abstract

The Government Normal School (GNS) was established on 12 September 1881 by the Hong Kong authorities under the governorship of John Pope Hennessy, and prematurely closed down two years later. This paper argues that the GNS, as the first full-time and single-purposed teacher training institute in the territory which had rudimentary elements of Hong Kong teacher education institutes in late years, should have been marked in the history of Hong Kong's teacher education. By utilizing primary and secondary source materials, the paper reconstructs the 2-year history of the School and discusses the implications of its education practices on the present-day teacher education.