教育學報



青少年心理:社會動機與學習

1989.第17卷第2期(Vol. 17 No. 2).pp. 162–175

 

青少年心理:社會動機與學習

Adolescent Psychology: Social Motivation and Learning

劉誠(Sing LAU)

摘要

學習有其社會心理影響的因素。有經驗的教師往往善於掌握這些因素來促進學生的學習,使教學事半功倍。社會動機是針對群際互動所產生的影響,在本文我們只列舉其中一些學生與學生之間的群際影響因素作討論。直接影響學習的因素歷程有群性比較、公平要求、合作與競爭、及個人與群體表現的差別等。與學習有間接關係的包括附從與偏離、態度的形成與改變等。本文就這些因素歷程,討論如何擴闊對增進教學效果的考慮。

Abstract

Learning involves the influence of social psychological factors. Experienced teachers are often able to use these factors in motivating students to learn, thus making their teaching more effective. Social motivation refers to the influence in social interactions, and in the present paper several of the student-student interaction factors were selected for discussion. In direct relation to learning are factors and processes like social comparison, equity, cooperation and competition, and individual and group performance. And those that are indirectly related to learning include conformity and deviance, attitude formation and change. Based on these factors and processes as examples. This paper discussed the ways to expand the consideration when trying to improve the effectiveness of teaching.