1989．第17卷第2期（Vol. 17 No. 2）．pp. 148152
Meaning of Individual Causes in Academic Achievement
The present study attempts to examine the causal dimensional meaning (e.g., controllability) of individual causes (e.g., effort). Students in Hong Kong were asked to rate the dimensional meaning of 13 individual causes along four causal dimensions (internality, controllability, stability and globality). It was found that effort, interest in study, study skill, and ability in study shared common characteristics in that they were believed to be very internal, controllable, stable and global. Cross-cultural differences in the semantic dimensional placement of causes and the salience of effort in Chinese culture were discussed.