1989．第17卷第2期（Vol. 17 No. 2）．pp. 114127
Textbooks: The International Dimension
Philip G. ALTBACH（雅伯喜）
Textbooks are among the most important of educational inputs. Research has shown that they are crucial to student learning. Yet, in the United States and other Western countries, there has much criticism of the low quality of school textbooks and in the Third World, there are frequently inadequate supplies of books. This article discusses the complex process of textbook development and production and points out that textbook publishing requires expertise from curriculum experts, school personnel and generally the approval of governmental authorities. The technical side of textbook development, often ignored in the literature, requires considerable sophistication from publishers and distributors. Textbooks have also become increasingly as expertise from the industrialized nations is used in the Third World for text development and multinational publishers increasingly enter the textbook market worldwide.