教育研究學報



Suicide Attempts and Suicides of School Children in Hong Kong, 1991–1994

1996.第11卷第1期(Vol. 11 No. 1).pp. 32–37
 

Suicide Attempts and Suicides of School Children in Hong Kong, 1991–1994

Paul S. F. YIP(葉兆輝)

Abstract

This study examined the 155 attempted suicides and 50 fatal suicides of school children in Hong Kong for the three school years in the period September 1991 to August 1994. The annual attempted suicide rate is estimated at 2.7 and 8.4 per 100,000 for male and female schoolchildren respectively. The male to female ratio is about 1:3. The annual suicide rate of the school children is estimated at 1.5 and 2.1 per 100,000 for males and females who have a ratio about 1:1.4. The highest rate of suicide and attempted suicide were found in the group of Females aged 15 or above had the highest rate both in attempted and fatal suicides. Over 50% of the attempters used wrist slashing. Drug overdose was the second most common method in attempted suicides. Over 90% of the fatal cases were jumping from a high place. Drowning, gas, hanging, firearms were the least common methods. Fatal and attempted suicides occurred more often during weekdays and less often on Saturdays and Sundays. The times between successive suicide attempts were not independent.

摘要

這個研究報告是探討由九一年九月至九四年八月,三個學年中發生的五十宗學生自殺和一百五十五宗的企圖自殺個案。學童企圖自殺率分別是,男性是每十萬人有二點七人,女性是八點四。男女的比例是一比三。學童自殺率則是男性一點五而女性二點一,男女的比例是一比一點四,女性年齡十五歲以上是企圖自殺和自殺率最高的組別。超過一半的企圖自殺學童是用利器割脈,其次則是服用過量藥物。超過九成的自殺者是跳樓,採用其他方法如遇溺、煤氣、吊頸及鎗械則很少。企圖自殺和自殺最常發生於週日;星期六、日和暑假期間則較少,企圖自殺個案發生的時間分佈不是獨立。