教育研究學報



Teacher Turnover and Turnover Intentions in Hong Kong Aided Secondary Schools

1995.第10卷第1期(Vol. 10 No. 1).pp. 36–46
 

Teacher Turnover and Turnover Intentions in Hong Kong Aided Secondary Schools

Kam-Cheung WONG(黃錦樟)& Kwok-Kai LI

Abstract

This study is divided into two parts. The first part examined the teacher turnover situation in Hong Kong secondary schools from 1989 to 1992. The data, taken from Education Department and HK Subsidized Secondary School Council, showed that while there was a slight reduction of turnover and a large decline in the number of teachers changing schools in the period under study, the wastage rate of teachers remained at the same high level.

The second part involved a study of teachers' turnover intentions. This study adapted the model developed by Mobley (1982) and Willimans (1986) with job attitude acting as a moderator between turnover intention and individual and organizational characteristics. The intention was to understand how individual and possibly organizational factors caused the turnover intention of teachers. A total of 40 schools with over 600 teachers took part in the study. Logistic regressions were used to study the fitness of model. Results showed that teachers with less job satisfaction, who did not choose teaching as their first career choice and who had frequently changed schools had stronger intention to resign. Implications for school administration are discussed.

摘要

本研究分為兩部份,第一部份在了解香港中學教師流動的情況,參考資料主要來自教育署的教師轉業報告,小部份來自津貼中學議會數年來所做有關這方面的調查。研究發現,直至1992年,教師流失情況仍然嚴重,可幸教師的補充有不少的改善。

第二部份是問卷調查,目的在了解在職教師的離職傾向,研究採用Mobley(1982)及Williams(1986)的工作態度模式去探討教師意見和機構的特徵。調查一共訪問了600多位來自40所中學的教師。結果顯示被調查的教師中,發現大部份的教師都缺乏工作滿足感,轉校次數頻密的,以非教學工作為首選的教師,離職傾向較強。研究亦稍探討校方要留意的事項。