教育研究學報



Teenage Suicide in Hong Kong 1981–1992: Age Trend, Time and Georgraphical Distribution

1993.第8卷(Vol. 8).pp. 32–39
 

Teenage Suicide in Hong Kong 1981–1992: Age Trend, Time and Georgraphical Distribution

Paul YIP(葉兆輝)& Angela YU

Abstract

This study gives an overview of the teenage suicides in Hong Kong during the period of 1981–1992. It was found that the suicide rate for the population of age between 10 to 19 years has been quite steady during the period of 1981–1991. The drastic increase in 1992 is mainly attributed by the age group between 10 and 14 years which has been increased by three times in comparing with the 1991 figures. On the other hand the suicide rate for the age group between 15–19 years remains steady in the years of 1991 and 1992. Distribution of the suicide cases among the months in a year were not evenly distributed. The months of May and June have more cases than others. However, the cases were more evenly distributed in recent years. Also, it was found that the districts Kwun Tong, Wong Tai Sin and Tsuen Wan have the most cases; the districts Wong Tai Sin, Yuen Long and Shatin were among the highest suicide rates in the Territory. Average suicide age among the teenagers were shown to be on a decreasing trend. The overall mean age of the suicide deaths of the age group 10–19 had the mean age 18.06 years in 1982 and 14.48 years in 1992.

摘要

本篇文章是關於青少年自殺情況的統計研究,在一九八一年至一九九二年期間,按着十至十九歲的青少年,全港各區,以及不同年份的時間分佈,來提供一份最新的青少年自殺資料報告。是次研究中發現,在九二年青少年自殺個案有顯著的增加,而主因是十至十四歲的青少年個案比九一年增加三倍。至於十至十九歲青少年自殺個案的總體平均年齡則有下降趨勢,平均年齡從八二年的十八歲下降至九二年的十四點四八歲。從一九八一年至八七年度,五月及六月是最多自殺個案的月份。但從一九八七年開始,個案便較為平均分佈。在八一至九二年間,觀塘區、黃大仙區、荃灣及葵青區是全港最高自殺個案的地區,自九一年度沙田及屯門兩個新市鎮的自殺個案都有顯著上升趨勢。將各區的人口數字加進計算中,就發現從八一至九二年間,元朗、沙田及黃大仙是全港最高自殺比率的地區。