教育研究學報



Degree Graduates' Work Experience as Input to Curriculum Planning: A Methodological Account

1992.第7卷(Vol. 7).pp. 68–75
 

Degree Graduates’ Work Experience as Input to Curriculum Planning: A Methodological Account

B. P. K. LUIS & Fong-Ying YU

Abstract

The raison d'etre of degree courses at the Hong Kong Polytechnic is based on social and economic demands. One traditional way of assessing whether a course meets an economic need is by the use of graduate employment surveys. Such surveys typically yield information of a workplace-contextual kind, e.g. the length of time needed for graduates to find a job, the salary levels, nature of job and job satisfaction. However, such information has only limited usefulness in assessing the appropriateness of the curriculum of a course. A curriculum is a structure of knowledge with a particular form and content determined by specific objectives. To assess whether it meets economic demands, a new methodology is advanced. A curricular-structural analysis is employed using the statistical procedure of Logit Analysis. The usefulness of individual subjects is assessed against the global usefulness of the curriculum of which they are constituents. The contextual factors impinge on this relationship but variably among different jobs. A mail-cum-telephone questionnaire survey of the recent graduates of five engineering courses analysed by this method yields interesting data on the kinds of relationships existing between subjects and curriculum and on the usefulness of certain subjects. Such an analysis will be a useful tool in curriculum planning.

摘要

理工學院的學位課程的目標,以滿足社會需要和經濟需要為宗旨。衡量它能否切合經濟需要,常用方法是調查畢業生的工作情況。這類調查簡稱為“工作與環境分析”,所得資料如找工作需要多少時間、薪金、工作性質、對工作滿意程度等等。但這類研究對於分析課程內容則顯然不足。課程是知識結構體,內容形式受到目標影響。要看它能否達到經濟目標(眾目標之一),須另闢途徑。本研究採取統計學LOGIT ANALYSIS方法,分析課程與各科目之間的關係。環境因素並未受忽視,課程及科目之有用程度隨職業而有所變更,各科目與課程之個別關係亦因職業而異。作者認為這類“課程與結構分析”可以是課程發展的一個工具。