教育研究學報



A Study on School Effect: Analysis of HKAL Examination Results

1992.第7卷(Vol. 7).pp. 41–49
 

A Study on School Effect: Analysis of HKAL Examination Results

Hing-Chung LAW(羅慶琮)

Abstract

Students from a stratified random sample of 33 schools are studied of the school effect on their HKAL results. It is found that schools with high average HKAL results are not necessarily the more effective schools. Even if adjusted for the intake of HKCE grades, in general, schools which are effective for more able students are found to be less effective for students with lower HKCE grades. Thus, it is very misleading to compare the effectiveness of school without reference to a particular range of student ability. The effects of changing schools in sixth forms and the school homogeneity are also explored. The results are not conclusive. However, it is suggested that students in the arts stream might have suffered from changing schools and the most disadvantage students are those with low intake HKCE grades and study in schools whose students are of generally low ability.

摘要

本研究是利用分層隨機抽樣的33所中學的學生,取其1988年香港高級程度會考成績及1986年香港中學會考成績進行分析。結果顯示:取得高級程度會考成績優越的學校,不一定屬效能較高的學校。學校效能會隨其學生在香港中學會考所取得的成績而不同,對成績較高及較低的學生比較顯著,而對中等程度的學生,學校的影響則不甚顯著。一般而言,對程度較佳的學生,其所屬學校的效能較高,而對程度較差的學生,其所屬學校的效能則較低。因此,即使利用中學會考成績進行調整,使用高級程度會考成績來排列學校效能的次序,必易得到使人誤導的結果。本研究未能對學生從中五到中六轉校的影響獲得結論。