教育研究學報



篇章結構類型對閱讀理解的效應

1991.第6卷(Vol. 6).pp. 23–26
 

篇章結構類型對閱讀理解的效應

蕭炳基(Ping-Kee SIU)

摘要

本研究主要探討篇章結構類型對篇章主題理解的效應。兩套篇章分別依據雲戴理論中之概類法則和建造法則編製而成。每篇分兩部份,一為文意脈胳,一為總結陳述。篇章長度亦分長短,短度篇章是刪去文意脈胳中最後一句而製成。受試者先閱讀文意脈胳,然後判斷總結陳述部份是否正確綜合文意脈胳所描述的。總共有76名中三學生參予該計劃。就反應速度結果而言,短度篇章明顯比長度篇章需時較長。這現象純因受試者需在短篇章裏多作推敲所致。就閱讀理解表現而言,篇章結構類型和篇章長度皆未能產生顯著效應。這項發現與以前研究篇章結構和篇章記憶關係所得結果並不相符。這相異結果可能是理解篇章主題和記憶篇章主題兩者所需的認知策略有所不同所使然。

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of text type and text length on macroprocessing. Two types of texts were written and their macrostructures were based on the generalization and construction rules in van Dijk's model. Each text contained two parts, a context and a concluding statement. Short context was derived from the long one by omitting the last part of the context. Subjects read the context and judged whether the concluding idea adequately described what the text led to. Altogether 76 Form III students participated in this experiment. Significant difference was observed in the latency measure on text length condition, longer latency being obtained on the short text condition. Difference due to text type or text length was not significant in the comprehension measure. This result does not concur with the previous research which demonstrated effects of text type on recall tasks. The present findings were interpreted that different cognitive strategies would be applied to comprehensibility and memorability of text information involving different text types.