教育學報



進化論與熱力學第二定律有矛盾嗎?

1988.第16卷第2期(Vol. 16 No. 2).pp. 135–143

 

進化論與熱力學第二定律有矛盾嗎?

Is the Theory of Evolution Contradictory to the Second Law of Thermodynamics?

麥思源(Se-Yuen MAK)

摘要

進化論和創造論的爭辯並非單單只和生物學及地質學有關。「科學創造論」所用的技倆違反了整個科學領域的研究方法和理論。在物理學的範疇內,一個最常用的反進化論據是辯稱由無秩序的物質進化為有秩序的有機體是明顯地不可能發生的;因為這過程違反熱力學第二定律,而後者需要所有自然過程決定性地邁向一個相反的方向。在這篇文章中,作者不但指出上述論證的謬誤,還就生物熱力學的觀點,按步就班地提供一個全面性的反駁。最後在結論中,我們討論和這問題有關的一些教育含意。

Abstract

One should not imagine that the creation-evolution controversy deals only with biology and geology. Scientific Creationism runs counter to the methods and theories of the whole spectrum of scientific disciplines. In the realm of Physics, one of the most popular anti-evolution argument is the claim that evolution from disordered matter into ordered organism is simply impossible because it violates the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which requires natural processes to go in the opposite direction. In this article, the author not only points out the fallacious character of the above argument, but also provides a systematic and comprehensive rebuke on all creationists' challenges in the field of Biological Thermodynamics. Educational implication of these issues will also be discussed in the conclusion.