亞洲輔導學報



Cultural Encountering: The Applicability of Holland’s Typology in Taiwan

2009.第16卷第2期(Vol. 16 No. 2).pp. 193–226
 

Cultural Encountering: The Applicability of Holland’s Typology in Taiwan

文化之交疊:何倫類型論在台灣的適用性

Hsiu-Lan Shelley TIEN(田秀蘭)

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to test the applicability of Holland’s hexagonal model in Taiwan. Gati’s hierarchical model of vocational interest structure derived from the Holland hexagon was also compared. In the first stage of the study, an experimental version of the Chinese Vocational Interest Inventory (CVII) was administered to 572 students in Taiwan. Item selection procedure was conducted through the analysis of item-total correlation, percentage like, and factor analysis. In the second stage, the revised CVII was then tested based on a college sample of 366 males and 465 females. The split half coefficients of the six scales ranged from .66 to .94 for males and .68 to .90 for females. The hit rates were 45.9% for males and 50.5% for females. The multitrait-multimethod matrix also supported the convergent-discriminant validity of the CVII. As far as the generalizability of both Holland’s and Gati’s models, the results of multidimensional scaling supported Holland’s hexagonal model. However, the results of order prediction claimed that Gati’s model was better than Holland’s model in interpreting the interest structure of Taiwanese college students.

摘要

本研究主要目的在探討Holland(1985)類型論在台灣文化中的適用性,同時也比較Holland六角形模式與Gati階層模式的適當性。在第一階段研究中,以572人為對象,進行中文職業興趣量表的編製,透過單獨題項與總量表之相關、各題項選擇百分比、以及探索性因素分析等方式篩選適當之題目。第二階段則以831人為對象,進行量表之信度及效度考驗。結果發現男生六個分量表的折半信度係數,介於.66到.94之間,女生則介於.68至.90之間。在效度方面,各類型興趣分數對所屬興趣類型科系的命中百分比,男生為45.9%,女生為50.5%。多項特質多重方法的考驗,也支持中文職業興趣量表的聚歛及區辨效度。至於在Holland六角形以及Gati階層模式的比較方面,多向度量尺分析支持六角形模式,但順序預測分析則發現Gati的階層模式更能解釋台灣地區大學生的職業興趣結構。