基礎教育學報



香港六套初中語文教科書的價值取向研究

2009.第18卷第1期(Vol. 18 No. 1).pp. 87–107
 

香港六套初中語文教科書的價值取向研究

A Study of Value Orientations in Six Sets of Junior Secondary Chinese Language Textbooks in Hong Kong

何文勝(Man-Sing HO)

摘要

本文先建構分析框架,再按課文定價值,探討六套初中語文教科書價值取向的內容、比重和呈現方法,論述其是否落實課程指引教學目標中價值取向的要求,並對以後教科書的編纂提出建議。六套教科書的價值範疇除世界方面尚算全面,具語文教科書的功能。比重方面則個人太多,家庭尚可,社會、國家、民族及世界方面不足,難以落實教學目標的要求。呈現方法建議個人至社會的量宜隨年級漸減,國家至世界的量隨年級漸增。如果課程指引能在價值取向提出比重建議,教科書的編選才有依據,質量才有保證。

關鍵詞:香港;六套初中語文教科書;價值取向

Abstract

Based on a framework of analysis and the determination of values in texts, this paper examines value orientations from the perspectives of content, proportion and presentation methods to see whether the objectives of teaching values from curriculum guides have been implemented in six sets of junior secondary Chinese language textbooks in Hong Kong. The paper also seeks to provide recommendations for future textbook compilation. It was found that the various domains found in the textbooks for determining values were quite comprehensive, except for the domain of the world. The treatment also fulfilled the functions of Chinese language textbooks. However, in terms of the proportion and scope for the different domains, there was too much focus on the individual. The focus on the family was acceptable, but that for the society, country, nation and the world was inadequate, resulting in an imbalance and a difficulty in fulfilling the teaching objectives of the curriculum. In terms of presentation method, it is suggested that the focus on the individual and the society should be reduced as students move up the grade levels, while the focus on the nation and the world should increase. If curriculum guides can provide clearer recommendations on the proportion shown in value orientations in textbooks, then textbook compilation would have a better reference and quality much better guaranteed.