基礎教育學報



A Critical Review of the Early Childhood Education (ECE) Curriculum Documents in Hong Kong

2008.第17卷第1期(Vol. 17 No. 1).pp. 33–57
 

A Critical Review of the Early Childhood Education (ECE) Curriculum Documents in Hong Kong

香港幼兒教育課程文件:回顧與檢討

Chanel Kit-Ho FUNG & John Chi-Kin LEE(馮潔皓、李子建)

Abstract

Early childhood education has long been recognised globally and locally as significant in laying the foundations for lifelong learning and all-round personal development. The same recognition is prominent in the education reform proposals of Hong Kong. To facilitate kindergarten teachers to design quality curricula, several government bodies issued curriculum related documents to serve teachers as guidelines. A study of these government-published materials reveals a degree of consistency among them in terms of what the government expects of the kindergarten curriculum, despite the fact that their publication spans the two decades 1984 to 2006. This paper, divided into two parts, attempts to analyse the aforementioned documents from three broad, multiple curriculum perspectives. The first part will cover the categories and questions inherent in a Tylerian perspective. The second part will cover the notion of Schwab’s practical perspective and associated curricular “commonplaces” (teacher, student, subject matter and milieus) (Reid, 2006), which address related pedagogical questions such as what, when, how, why, to whom, and by whom (Heydon & Wang, 2006). Finally, we shall offer some comments from critical perspectives.

Keywords: early childhood education curriculum; Tylerian perspective; Schwab’s curricular “commonplaces”; critical perspectives; Hong Kong

摘要

幼兒教育素被視為終身學習與全人發展的一個重要基礎。它的重要性亦在香港的教育改革中被認定。為了確保幼稚園的課程質素,教育局等政府部門印製了不同的文件以供老師參考。這些課程文件反映出政府對幼稚園課程的期望在這些年來是一致的。本文分為兩個部分,並嘗試從三種廣義的課程觀去分析上述文件:第一部分是以經典的泰勒式課程觀去分析;第二部分是以施瓦布的實用性課程觀去討論;最後,我們將從批判的視角出發評論這些文件。