基礎教育學報



香港一套初中語文教科書的價值取向研究

2007.第16卷第2期(Vol. 16 No. 2).pp. 83–98
 

香港一套初中語文教科書的價值取向研究

Value Orientations in a Set of Junior Secondary Chinese Language Textbooks in Hong Kong

何文勝(Man-Sing HO)

摘要

本文主要是從公民的道德價值來研究香港一套初中語文教科書的價值取向,以了解教科書價值取向的內容、比重和呈現方法。透過這些研究,才能更有效地評估教科書有沒有落實課程指引中教學目標的價值取向。首先以文獻建構教科書價值取向的分析框架,然後採用先定性,後定量的研究方法。數據顯示,這套教科書由個人至世界層面價值取向的範疇基本是全面的,但各項範疇的比重則有商榷餘地。教科書的價值取向應按學生認知心理發展的方式來呈現才比較合理。如果課程指引在不同範疇價值取向的質與量方面有明確的比重建議,這樣教科書的編寫才有依據、才有質量的保證。

關鍵詞:初中語文;教科書教材;價值取向

Abstract

This paper aims at investigating, from an ethical perspective, the value orientations embedded in a set of junior secondary Chinese Language textbooks in Hong Kong to better understand the textbooks’ content, emphases and presentation. Only through such studies can we effectively assess whether the values set out in the teaching and learning objectives of the Curriculum Guide have been implemented. An analysis framework is first constructed from textbook references, followed by the use of qualitative and quantitative research methods. The data show that the coverage of values in the chosen textbook, from the individual to the global level, is quite comprehensive, but there is room for improvement in the emphases and proportion of various value areas. There should be a better linkage between the value orientations of the textbook and the psycho-cognitive development of students. Furthermore, if the Curriculum Guide can suggest a clearer proportion for the quality and quantity of different values, this will greatly enhance the quality and authority of the Chinese language textbooks.