基礎教育學報



「課外活動!?工作耶?教育耶?」── 教師的專業與自主探索

2006.第15卷第2期(Vol. 15 No. 2).pp. 87–108
 

「課外活動!?工作耶?教育耶?」── 教師的專業與自主探索

Extra-curricular Activities!? As Job Duties? As Education? — An Inquiry into Teacher Professionalism and Autonomy

周昭和、洪雪蓮、呂惠珊(Chiu-Woo CHOW, Suet-Lin HUNG, & Wai-Shan LUI)

摘要

自六十年代開始,「課外活動」便是憑藉其開放性,補足及平衡香港學校教育的自由空間。但隨著專業化、管理培訓及教育改革日趨受重視,這片空間經已改變。本研究透過分析四十位中學教師的訪談稿,考察他們對「課外活動」的看法,以及反思課外活動的「專業」宣稱。結果顯示部分受訪者傾向從僱員身分視課外活動為工作及職責;受訪者自主性的參考點傾向群體,而傾向個人的參考點和利他(學生)的被訪者,卻感受群體施予的壓力。本文循上述現象提出若干問題反思「課外活動專業化」的論述,嘗試回歸教育理念的基本思考。

關鍵詞:課外活動;教師專業;個人自主

Abstract

Extra-curricular Activities (herefafter ECA) is an area that has opened up various opportunities for improving school education in Hong Kong since the 1960s. However, the increasing emphasis on professionalism, managerialism and education reform has made many changes to the situation. This study analyzes the interview transcripts of 40 local secondary school teachers to examine their views on ECA, aiming to explore the professionalism in ECA. The results reveal that some teachers are inclined to regard ECA as part of their official duties and responsibilities as employees. With respect to autonomy, the teachers tend to make references to their professional community. Where they make reference to their own experiences, they feel the pressure from the professional community. Through reflections on these phenomena, the "professionalism of ECA" discourse and the basics of education are examined.