教育學報



常新教育:一個全面的教育改革方案

1988.第16卷第1期(Vol. 16 No. 1).pp. 14–20

 

常新教育:一個全面的教育改革方案

Recurrent Education: A Comprehensive Educational Reform Strategy

黃顯華(Hin-Wah WONG)

摘要

本文首先從人們側重在前半生在學所出現的問題說起,提出現存教育制度的可能去向。再從「終生接受教育」的角度去介紹和評估幾個方案。隨着探討「常新教育」的發展和特徵。指出它的基本精神是人的一生應有多次接受教育的機會。接受教育、工作和休暇交替着進行。這個方案嘗試把傳統上沒有關係的學校系統、在職訓練和成人教育放在一起作整體的規劃。本文隨着展示各種不同的銓釋和實現這個方案的有利條件。最後提出一些有待解決的問題。

Abstract

Based on problems arising from schooling limited to frontend model, possible trends of changes of education system are discussed. Several strategies relating to learning as a lifelong process are delineated and evaluated.

An overview of recent developments of the strategy of recurrent education is presented. The basic principles of the strategy as originally outlined by the Organization for Economic Co-operabon and Development are introduced. The fundamental idea of the strategy is that educational opportunities should not be confined to the individual's early years but should be available at intervals over the whole life-cycle in alternation with work, leisure and other activities.

This strategy tries to integrate school system, in-service training and adult education and comes up with a comprehensive plan. Several approaches of the conditions for the actualization of the strategy and problems to be solved are discussed.