基礎教育學報



西北貧困地區農村小學社會課程實施狀況的個案調查

2001.第10卷第2期/第11卷第1期(Vol. 10 No. 2/Vol. 11 No. 1).pp. 33–46
 

西北貧困地區農村小學社會課程實施狀況的個案調查

Implementation of Social Studies in Rural Primary Schools in the Poor Northwest Regions of China — A Case Study

徐冰鷗、王嘉毅(Bing'ou XU & Jiayi WANG)

摘要

在中小學開設社會課,是近年來中國大陸基礎教育課程改革的重大舉措之一。本研究運用深度訪談、課堂觀察、教學檔案分析和問卷等方法,對西北貧困地區農村中小學社會課的開設及其效果作了深入研究。研究結果顯示:學校和教育行政部門對社會課重視不夠、學校缺乏專門的社會課教師、教師教學方法單一,以及社會課效果較差等。文章提出要從轉變觀念、培訓專門的社會課教師、改進社會課教學方法、編制多樣化的社會課教材等方面,來加強社會課的實施。

Abstract

Teaching Social Studies in primary and secondary schools is one of the important measures in the current basic education curriculum reform in China. Employing the methods of in-depth interview, classroom observation, teaching portfolio analysis and questionnaire survey, this research has made a thorough study on the actual situation and teaching effect of this subject in rural primary and secondary schools of the poor northwest regions of China. The research results showed that the schools and local educational administrative authority did not pay enough attention to this subject, schools were short of professional teachers in Social Studies, teaching methods were unitary, and the teaching effect was not satisfactory. It is suggested that in order to reinforce the implementation of Social Studies, it really needs to change the existing idea and mental model towards this subject, train professional teachers, improve teaching methods, and develop diversified textbooks and teaching materials.