基礎教育學報



International Perspectives on the Impact of School-based Management

1995.第5卷第2期(Vol. 5 No. 2).pp. 1–9
 

International Perspectives on the Impact of School-based Management

校本管理的影響︰國際經驗和分析

Brian John CALDWELL

Abstract

A major feature of school reform has been school-based management: the shifting of significant responsibility, authority and accountability to the school level within centrally determined frameworks. The impact of this aspect of reform has been the subject of debate around the world. Evidence of impact is examined, with particular attention given to level of acceptance, change to work place practice, and outcomes for students. Strategies for a positive impact are explored, with particular attention given to enhancement of classroom effectiveness.

摘要

學校改革的一個主要發展是校本管理;這是指重要責任、權力,和問責在中央指定架構內,向學校轉移的措施。這個發展所產生的影響,早已在世界各地引起輿論。

在這篇文章之中,作者透過對接受的階層、工作實踐上的改變,和對學生的影響這幾方面的討論,提出有關論證。此外,對如何加強正面的影響,特別是教學效能的提升,作者也提出他寶貴的意見。