亞洲輔導學報



Developing a Competent Practitioner: Use of Self in Counseling Psychology Training

2009.第16卷第1期(Vol. 16 No. 1).pp. 7–29
 

Developing a Competent Practitioner: Use of Self in Counseling Psychology Training

培養勝任的心理輔導從業員:培訓學員「運用自我」

Rick REINKRAUT, Sue L. MOTULSKY, & Jill RITCHIE

Abstract

Fostering the development of the therapeutic use of self on behalf of another in counseling trainees involves multiple elements. This article focuses on three domains central to achieving this aim within a particular counselor education program, focusing on our program philosophy of “self as instrument” and the program’s dual role of individual student development and professional gatekeeping responsibility. The article describes, first, the development of students’ use of self and capacities for empathy, attunement, and self-awareness in the clinical skills course; second, academic support for critical thinking and multiple perspectives in the co-curricular “transition to graduate school groups”; and third, the consolidation of relational, cognitive, and theoretical skills in the capstone learning experience of field training, demonstrating trainees’ ability to use these skills judiciously, ethically, and beneficially.

摘要

要促進輔導學員學懂「運用自我」達到治療效果,當中涉及多項元素。本文以一個特定的輔導教育課程為例,集中討論為達成這目標的三個關鍵領域。該課程的理念是「把自我作為工具」,並強調既要促進學生個人發展又要負起專業把關責任這雙重角色。首先,文章描述如何令學生懂得運用自我,以及如何在臨牀技巧學科上建立學生的同理心、「調頻」和自我意識等能力;接着,介紹「與研究院學習接軌」這「聯同課程」如何在學術上建立學生的批判思考能力和多元視角;最後,綜述如何在實習訓練上鞏固學生的關係建立、認知和理論運作技巧,並展示如何以審慎、合乎道德守則和以他人利益為首的態度運用這些技巧。