亞洲輔導學報



莊子的自我歸因與情意教學

2008.第15卷第1期(Vol. 15 No. 1).pp. 83–97
 

莊子的自我歸因與情意教學

Zhuangzi’s Self-attribution and Affective Education

陳敏華(Man-Wah CHAN)

摘要

本文探討《莊子》寓言的歸因偏向對情意教育的作用。文章發現,《莊子‧內篇》的寓言都作自利式歸因。由於自利式歸因有助提升個體的自尊感與自我效能感,因而推導出《莊子》寓言有助情意教育。文章援引例子說明施教方法,並討論《莊子》寓言在情意教學中的限制。

Abstract

This article explores Zhuangzi’s (Chuang-tzu) fables in the Inner Chapters and finds that he depicted examples of self-serving biases. Because self-serving biases in attribution enhance individuals’ self-esteem and self-efficacy, this article demonstrates that Zhuangzi’s fables can be useful teaching materials in affective education. The limitations of applying these materials are also discussed.