亞洲輔導學報



International Students’ Expectations and Knowledge of Counseling After Viewing a Multicultural Counseling Video

2008.第15卷第1期(Vol. 15 No. 1).pp. 33–55
 

International Students’ Expectations and Knowledge of Counseling After Viewing a Multicultural Counseling Video

國際學生觀看完多元文化輔導錄像片段後對輔導的知識與期望

Michael J. SCHEEL, Tanya I. RAZZHAVAIKINA, Summer ALLEN-PORTSCHE,

Autumn BACKHAUS, Soumya MADABHUSHI, & Melanie RUDY

Abstract

International students underutilize counseling services as a method of coping with the acculturative stress implicit in adaptation to the unfamiliar environments of U.S. college campuses. Underutilization is postulated in this study to be related to unfamiliarity with counseling resources on college campuses, culturally incongruent expectations of counseling, or lack of knowledge of multiculturally oriented counseling methods. The investigation explored a method of increasing international students’ expectations and knowledge of counseling using a video that depicts multiculturally competent practice. The video was based on the common factors model of multicultural counseling by Fischer, Jome, and Atkinson (1998). Thirty-seven international students participated and a mixed methods triangulation design was employed to analyze effects. Quantitative findings revealed an increase in personal commitment to counseling after participants had viewed the video. Qualitative results indicated more sophisticated views of counseling and expanded knowledge of culturally relevant counseling practices. The helpfulness of outreach programs that emphasize culturally responsive services with international students on college campuses is discussed.

摘要

國際學生在適應美國校園生活的陌生環境時,往往面對文化適應的壓力,但卻未充分使用輔導服務以作應對。本研究假設輔導服務得不到充分利用,與不熟悉校園中的輔導資源、對輔導的期望有文化差異,或不認識多元文化取向的輔導方法有關。本研究利用一描述多元文化輔導的錄像片段,探討能否增進國際學生對輔導的知識與期望。錄像片段的製作基於Fischer, Jome, & Atkinson(1998)的多元文化輔導共因模型。研究有37位國際學生參與,採用混合方法和三角檢定來分析結果。量化研究結果顯示,參加者觀看完錄像片段後,對輔導的個人投入程度加強了。質化研究結果則指出,參加者對輔導有更細緻的看法,並且對與文化一致的輔導方法有了更多認識。本文亦討論了校園裏以國際學生為對象的外展計劃,若能着重回應文化需要的好處。