亞洲輔導學報



Integration of Traditional Japanese Educational Guidance With School Counseling: A Collaborative Approach for the Challenges of Program Implementation

2005.第12卷第1及2期(Vol. 12 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 17–45
 

Integration of Traditional Japanese Educational Guidance With School Counseling: A Collaborative Approach for the Challenges of Program Implementation

傳統日本教育輔導與學校諮商的整合:應付實施困難的協作模式

Steven R. ZAFFUTO

Abstract

Emerging cultural and organizational variations of the recent merger between the traditional Japanese educational guidance approach and school counseling practices and principles, offers educators, administrators, and school counselors distinct challenges for the implementation of a comprehensive guidance program. Through a brief historical review, this article presents the evolutionary process and identifies unique program applications that constitute the current guidance approach being applied within the Japanese educational system. The program fundamentals consist of stakeholder’ expectations, information exchange, program goals and policies, and data analysis. These are recognized as influential factors embedded within challenges pertaining to the program implementation process. The application of a collaborative approach piloted by a supportive administration is encouraged to ensure thorough stakeholder investment which will establish a culturally modified comprehensive program that links appropriate services and resources to the needs of the student population.

摘要

近年傳統日本教育輔導模式與西方學校諮商實踐原則的整合,突顯了文化與組織的差異,令教育工作者、教育行政人員和學校諮商師在實施全面輔導計劃時要面對獨特的挑戰。本文透過對日本教育輔導的簡短歷史回顧,說明在日本教育制度下現行輔導模式的發展過程和特點。全面輔導計劃的基礎包括持分者的期望、信息的交流、計劃目標與政策,以及數據分析。這些都是計劃實施過程中會遇上甚麼挑戰的影響因素。若行政人員能給予支持,應用協作模式將可保障持分者的投資,從而建立配合文化環境的全面輔導計劃,俾能為學生的需要給予適當的服務和資源。