亞洲輔導學報



Counselor Competence and the Ethical Practice of Counseling in Korea

2003.第10卷第1期(Vol. 10 No. 1).pp. 51–70
 

Counselor Competence and the Ethical Practice of Counseling in Korea

韓國的諮商專業倫理與諮商者能力的議題

Younnjung GONG(孔允貞)

Abstract

This article reviews the education and practice of ethics in the counseling profession in Korea. It was found that ethics is often a part of other subjects rather than a separate subject in the training programs of counseling in Korea. When training counselors on ethical issues, the ethical guidelines used are adapted from either the American Psychological Association or the American Counseling Association. Recently, there are improvements of ethics training in the counseling profession. These include the establishment of the Code of Ethics for counselors by the Korean Counseling Association, and the inclusion of ethics class in a graduate program. This article also explores the difficulties in dealing with situations of ethical violations as related to the Korean culture, and suggests strategies to improve counselors’ ability to handle such situations. Finally, the issue of counselor competence is explained in detail, as it is directly related to the protection of clients from potential harm. How to measure and maintain counselor competence is examined. The current system of counselor certification in Korea is described. Ways to improve the education and practice of ethics in the counseling profession in Korea are suggested.

摘要

本文回顧韓國諮商專業倫理的教育和實踐。在韓國的諮商培訓課程中,諮商倫理一直都只是插入其他科目中教授,並非獨立科目。而在教授倫理議題時,亦都以美國心理學會或美國諮商學會的倫理守則為本。這種情況近期有所改善,例如韓國相談學會已經制訂了本身的倫理守則,亦在其中一個課程中加入了倫理一科。本文亦會探討在韓國文化影響下,諮商者處理有違倫理的情況時難處何在,並建議改善的方法。除此之外,本文又詳細解釋諮商者能力這個議題,因為它直接影響到是否能保障案主免受傷害。如何量度諮商者的能力?怎樣保持能力?現行的諮商證書制度是甚麼?本文都有論述。最後,本文對如何改善韓國諮商專業倫理的教育和實踐,也提出了一些建議。