亞洲輔導學報



Brief Intervention for School Problems: A Practical Approach for Hong Kong Teachers

2000.第7卷第1期(Vol. 7 No. 1).pp. 65–83
 

Brief Intervention for School Problems: A Practical Approach for Hong Kong Teachers

從實用取向探討香港教師處理校內學生問題的簡易介入模式

David W. CHAN(陳維鄂)

Abstract

In the search for time-sensitive, brief and effective interventions for school problems, a practical approach is suggested for Hong Kong teachers. This approach endorses the competency orientation of the humanistic tradition, offers the advantages of systems thinking, and provides a theory of change with cognitive-behavioral and solution-focused strategies of intervention that is complementary with the constraints and needs of the school environment. Specifically, based on these assumptions, three general intervention guidelines are suggested and illustrated with corresponding case examples, demonstrating successful applications of this practical approach for brief interventions in the school setting. Implications for the use of this practical approach are discussed in the context of the whole school approach to guidance in Hong Kong schools and the movement toward a constructivist perspective in school guidance and counseling.

摘要

本文針對香港教師如何處理校內的學生問題提出一個快捷、簡易和有效的實用取向介入模式。此介入模式源自傳統「人本主義」中的能力取向,配合學校環境的限制和需要,著重從「系統思考」、「認知行為」和「尋解導向」實施介入輔導。基於這些假設,本文提出三個一般的介入原則,配合真實的個案作例子,說明如何能夠成功地將有關的介入模式應用在學校的實際環境中。有關的討論結合了香港學校現行的校本輔導取向,討論如何從「建構主義」的角度建立有效的學校輔導模式。