亞洲輔導學報



大陸中學生應激生活事件調查

1999.第6卷第1期(Vol. 6 No. 1).pp. 57–78
 

大陸中學生應激生活事件調查

A Survey of Stressful Life Events for the Middle School Students of Chinese Mainland

江光榮、靳岳濱(Guangrong JIANG & Yuebin JIN)

摘要

本研究以〈中國青少年生活事件檢查表〉調查武漢市內的中學生,以了解大陸城市中學生經歷應激生活事件的情況。調查發現,中國城市青少年應激生活事件的範圍主要在學習負擔、師生關係、家庭變故、父母及親子關係以及戀愛交友方面,其中學業負擔和師生關係問題是當前中國中學生主要的應激壓力,但性別方面的差別並不如級別差別這麼大。

Abstract

The survey was conducted with a sample (N=2014) of middle school students from Wuhan, one of the biggest cities in China, with the Chinese Adolescent Life Events Checklist (CALECH), which is developed by the authors (Jiang & Jin, 1998). The major discoveries included: (1) all the stressful life events experienced by the students could be roughly classified into 5 categories as heavy load of learning, negative relationship between student and teacher, disasters with families, bad relationships between parents and between parents and the child, and affairs related to love, peer relationship, etc; (2) the two chief categories of life events as stressors for Chinese mainland students were the load of learning and the negative relationship between students and their teachers; and (3) male students experienced more stressors that the females, but the amount of this difference is less than the one of the difference between junior and senior middle school students, the latter group experienced more stressful life events.