亞洲輔導學報



Directive Group Therapy for Form Five Repeaters

1996.第4卷第1及2期(Vol. 4 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 17–26
 

Directive Group Therapy for Form Five Repeaters

中五重讀生的直示性小組輔導

Hing-Chung CHOW

Abstract

Compared to fresh candidates, students who fail in their first attempt in the public examination seem to carry greater anxiety, because of the past unsuccessful experience and investment that they and their families have to make, if they have the second attempt. Hence, a directive psychodynamic group therapy was developed for the repeaters of HKCEE. Five 60-minute sessions are carried out. Themes are selected for discussion each time. Teacher in the group serves as a facilitator. Although group members' anxiety had different sources, similar issues recurred each time. The result proved it is a successful program, which could help them not only to reduce their test anxiety but also resolve some of their intra- and interpersonal conflicts. The students, the recruitment, the setting, reasons of the choice of the themes, the role of the facilitator, therapy techniques, evaluation of the program and a comparison of directive and non-directive group therapy for test anxious students are discussed in the paper.

摘要

鑒於會考重讀生因上次公開考試失敗的經歷,再加上他們本身及父母的期望,他們須承受更大的考試壓力。故此,一個簡單易學的直示性心理動力團體輔導小組便應運而生。在五次約七十五分鐘的聚會中,學生除了檢討上次的失敗外,還會討論學習技巧、學校教學、家庭及自己的期望等。雖然每位同學的壓力成因不同,但每年在組中均出現相同的現象。這個輔導小組能減低組員的考試壓力及改善親子關係。文中還討論治療技巧及比較直示性與非直示性的團體治療。