亞洲輔導學報



現場督導──經驗與寊踐

1994.第3卷第1及2期(Vol. 3 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 89–94
 

現場督導──經驗與寊踐

Live Supervision — Experience and Practice

林靜雯(Ching-Man LAM)

摘要

“家庭治療”學派相信,即時的介入行動,往往比事後的回饋,能更有效地帶動積極改變。此信念不單反映於此學派的工作技巧及方法, 更應用於家庭治療員的訓練。

現場督導(Live Supervision),是家庭治療常用的訓練模式。透過現 場督導,不但使導師能在單向鏡後,直接觀察家庭成員的交往及治療員面見家庭的過程 ; 更提供機會,讓導師直接參與面見的過程,作出即時 的回應及介入,從而促進面談成效。

本文著重討論現場督導的理念、方法、技巧及特質。透過分享作者 運用現場督導,訓練社工學生的實踐經驗,檢討應用此方法於學生督導工作的成效和困難,並提出一些建議。

Abstract

Family therapy theorists believe that immediate intervention is more effective than post-event feedback in bringing about positive changes in a family relationship, Such a belief should not noly be applied in counselling practice, but in training for family therapy as well.

Live supervision is a common practice in training for family therapy. It enables the supervisor to observe behind the mirror the interaction between the counsellor and family members who seek family therapy. It also enables the supervisor to participate in the counselling process and provide immediate feedback to the trainee for family therapy so as to increase the effectiveness of the therapy.

This paper discusses the basic concepts, techniques and features of live supervision through sharing the author's experiences in using the technique in training family therapy for social workers. It also examines the effectiveness of the technique as well as some of the problems in using it. The paper ends with some suggestions for better using the technique.