亞洲輔導學報



佛教的輔導精神

1994.第3卷第1及2期(Vol. 3 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 25–34
 

佛教的輔導精神

The Counselling Spirit of Buddhism

吳智光(Chi-Kwong NG)

摘要

佛教作為一種東方的宗教及哲學體系,有其獨特的人生觀及世界觀,落實在生活實踐上,則重在破除個體對自我及世界萬事萬物的執著。佛教認為,由於事物及這個自我本身皆是變化不定,不可執為永恆的存在,如果我們為了滿足自我,強烈去追求可欲的事物,便易導致求而不得的痛苦,因而主張以平常心去接觸事物,去對待變化的世情。在這裡,佛教一方面提出一種對自我及事物的了解方向,進而在這種了解的基礎上建立一種生活的態度。然而,本文所強調的,並不是佛教的宗教性及哲學性的一面。文中有關佛教人性論,人生觀及世界觀的闡析,只是一個扼要的簡介,重點在它如何利用獨特的處境式的輔導方法,去幫助人們消除心靈上的困擾和苦痛。文中舉出若干佛教的故事,正好表現出這種重視實踐體證的精神。

Abstract

Buddhism, as an oriental religion and philosophical system, has its unique view of life and Weltanschauung. Its core belief is to lead people to eliminate the suffering from the own self and different things of the everchanging world. From the viewpoint of Buddhism, our own self and things are continuously changing and thus cannot be held etemally. If we strongly strive for the desirable things in order to satisfy our own self, pain is inevitable when our desire is not satisfied. Hence, we must keep our mind free from the fascinating and changing things. The way of understanding, enlightened by Buddhism, to our own self and the things of the world helps us adopt a positive attitude towards lives. However, this paper is not prepared to discuss the aspect of religion and philosophy of Buddhism (so, there is only a simple description about the personality, view of life and Weltanschuung of Buddhism). Instead, it stresses the use of specific technique of counselling, by getting knowledge and feeling from practice in life, to help people to get rid of the trouble and the pain in the mind.