亞洲輔導學報



A Review on the Place of Spirituality in Counselling Psychology

1993.第2卷第1期(Vol. 2 No. 1).pp. 17–23

 

A Review on the Place of Spirituality in Counselling Psychology

淺談「靈性」在輔導心理學的地位

Jane S. C. TAM

Abstract

The word psychology itself means the study of the soul. Yet, in the current study of academic and applied psychology, scholars and researchers tend to employ the natural sciences and laboratory methods of weighing and counting without paying much attention to the study of the soul.

It may not be easy for psychologists to cometounanimous agreementon theexact meaning and activities of a human soul. Many regard such discussion as an agenda in the discipline of either philosophy or theology. But we can't then minimize its importance in the understanding of human behavior. In this paper, the author tries to relate the understanding of a human soul to the awareness of the spiritual aspect of one's personality. She also makes an attempt to define spirituality from both a broad and a narrow perspective based on her literature review and personal experiences.

From her definition on spirituality, the author then traces its place in the development of counselling psychology as a discipline and points out how different schools of thought has in fact put emphasis on this important aspect of human behavior.

In spite of the time limitation for a more extensive research study, the author somehow suggests a direction for counsellors to look into the future importance of developing a holistic way to counselling.

摘要

心理學的字根本義是研究人的靈魂。但縱觀現今的學術界往往將心理學推至科學可研究的範疇,忽略了人心靈深處的需要。

雖然每個人在靈性的經歷是很主觀及個人化的,多被列在宗哲系的探討範圍;然而作者卻希望帶出一個信息──要全面研究人的行為就不能忽略人對靈性的渴求。

為了方便讀者能對靈性體驗有較為具體的瞭解,作者嘗試對「靈性」一詞作一「寬面」及「窄面」的註釋,繼而從輔導心理學的發展過程中,看各學派如何面對人的靈性需要。最後她希望喚起讀者對「全人輔導」的關注。