教育學報



職業教育:爭議的關注點和發展趨勢

2000.第28卷第2期(Vol. 28 No. 2).pp. 117–135

 

職業教育:爭議的關注點和發展趨勢

Issues and Trends in Vocational/Technical Education Development

蕭今、黎萬紅(Jin XIAO & Manhong LAI)

摘要

由於教育對傳播現代科學和生產技術有緊密聯繫,與職業技術有關的教育培訓在國家發展政策中佔了十分重要的地位。然而,職業教育的定義和發展長久以來都是有爭議的。本文回顧了國際職業教育發展中的主要問題和趨勢,重點討論了職業教育發展中四個值得關注的關鍵點:即職業教育的成本和效益,職業教育課程與就業和工作的關聯性,職業教育與社會發展的公平性,以及職業教育的其他途徑和它們對生產力提高的有效性。最後,我們建議中國職業教育發展基本應該採取廣義的概念,並且以現階段的勞動市場特徵為依據。

Abstract

Nowadays, the capacity of a nation's application of science and technology in economic development is assumed to be in close relation to the population's education. Training of vocational/technical skills becomes an important component in many countries' development policies. Nevertheless, the definitions of vocational/technical education and its development have long been unsettled debates. This article reviews the issues and trends of vocational/technical education development in the less-developed countries, focusing on four aspects. These are the cost and efficiency of investment in education, the relevance of education and training programs, the equity for the trained population, and finally the alternative training and education programs as well as their effects on increasing productivity. It is suggested that the vocational/technical education development in China should embrace a broad scope of education and training programs, based on present labor market characteristics.